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Watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia (see below). Some people are more susceptible to the cold, particularly children, the elderly and those with circulation problems. Check on elderly relatives and neighbours to ensure they are warm enough and have sufficient supplies, particularly when the weather is cold or snowy. They might not feel comfortable going outside to shop and may require food, medications and other supplies. The use of alcohol, tobacco and certain medications will increase your susceptibility to cold.
Dress in layers, with a wind resistant outer layer.When it is cold, wear a hat, mittens or insulated gloves. Keep your face warm with a scarf, neck tube or facemask.Wear warm and waterproof footwear. When it is very cold, or when the wind chill is significant, cover as much exposed skin as possible. Your body's extremities, such as the ears, nose, fingers and toes lose heat the fastest.
Being cold over a prolonged period of time can cause a drop in body temperatureShivering, confusion and loss of muscular control (e.g., difficulty walking) can occur.It can progress to a life-threatening condition where shivering stops or the person loses consciousness. Cardiac arrest may occur.
A more severe condition, where both the skin and the underlying tissue (fat, muscle, bone) are frozen.Skin appears white and waxy and is hard to the touch.No sensation - the area is numb or tingling.